Updated March 2018
Figure 9.5 [Tableau] illustrates major railroads in Canada.
In an effort to improve safety regulations for rail transportation in North America, Canada and the United States finalized legislation in July 2015 for securing and retrofitting trains and retiring certain older rail cars used to transport petroleum products.
The reversal of Kinder Morgan’s Cochin pipeline that had previously exported propane has resulted in an oversupply of propane in western Canada, incentivizing rail infrastructure to transport propane to market. Keyera Corporation built a rail terminal for natural gas liquids (NGLs) near Fort Saskatchewan, Alberta, that is capable of exporting up to 6.4 thousand cubic metres per day (103 m3/d)─40.3 thousand barrels per day (103 bbl/d)─of propane. The facility came online in 2015.
Plains Midstream Canada’s Fort Saskatchewan facility expansion, completed in 2016, includes a loading terminal of 60 rail cars per day with about 7.2 103 m3/d (45.0 103 bbl/d) of capacity to export propane out of Alberta.
Pembina Pipeline Corporation’s Canadian Diluent Hub was completed and on stream in 2017. The complex will handle diluent at its Heartland terminal near Fort Saskatchewan, providing oil sands producers access to a growing supply of domestically produced diluent. The complex will provide an additional 63.6 103 m3/d (400.23 103 bbl/d) of takeaway capacity to third-party diluent pipelines. The diluent handling facilities have the capacity to deliver 28.6 103 m3/d (180.0 103 bbl/d) to third-party diluent delivery pipelines, as well as rail import capacity.
Trucks can transport oil, NGLs, propane, water, sulphur, asphalt, and petroleum coke. Trucking allows for a crude oil well to begin production before being tied into a pipeline gathering system (when volumes are low) and to produce when located in a remote area.